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The Journal of the Siam Society, the late HRH Prince Damrong, in his last letter to his wife, Queen Chulalongkorn, on the occasion of his death.

Suvarnabhumi Airport covers an area of 1.5 million square metres, making it one of the largest airports in the country. The airport is also the only one in Thailand to have a designated airport-free zone, the first of its kind in Asia.

It also serves as a regional gateway and transfer point for various foreign airlines connecting Asia, Oceania, Europe and Africa. Currently, more than 2,000 flights are operated daily between Thailand and the USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Korea, Japan, China and Australia.

The airport has 7 different parking zones, with zones 2 and 3 having direct access to the departure and arrival terminals. The main passenger terminal building, which handles 76 flights per hour of operation, is located between the international and national terminals assigned to them in different parts of the hall. In addition, flights can park for free on the airport buses and in the main car parks of the individual terminals.

The main entrance of the airport is located in Samut Prakan province, which is bordered by the Bang Na Bang Pakong expressway and is connected to the national airport by a two-kilometre road from the main airport building.

Highway 7 connects the heavily industrialized east coast of Thailand, where most exports and manufacturing take place, with the capital Bangkok. The main route is the Bang Na Bang Pakong expressway, which connects directly with the port of Phuket, the largest port city in Thailand and the second largest port city in the world, as well as with port cities such as Chiang Mai and Phnom Penh.

Suvarnabhumi is also a major air cargo hub with a total of 95 airlines and the second largest airport in Thailand, handling 52.9 million passengers in 2017 - 13 more than in 2016-17. The number of passengers travelling abroad rose by 15.8% to 44.2 million, while domestic volume increased by 4.87% to 8.68 million passengers (+ 1.5%) and the number of passengers travelling abroad by 3.6% (-1%). The largest share of total passenger traffic in Thailand in the first half of this year was handled by Suv Carnaby, which handled 60 million passengers in 2018 - 19, an increase of 2.1% on 2017 / 13.

At the time, Thai Airways said it would reschedule most of its domestic flights to Don Mueang to maintain the airport as a hub for its international flights, and Bangkok Airways remained in Suvarnabhumi. On September 25, AirAsia Thai - Air Asia followed suit and on September 26 Nok Air relocated its Bangkok - Bangkok and regional flights from Bangkok Airport to Su Vientiane Airport. The airport also began restricted daily operations on 23 September, with Jetstar Asia Airways offering three flights between Singapore and Thailand. Thai Airlines, Thailand's second-largest airline in passenger traffic, has similar plans, with three daily flights between Bangkok and Singapore and two flights to Singapore.

In January 2010, SRT Airways, Thailand's second largest passenger airline, operated domestic flights from Don Mueang Airport and provided a direct connection between Bangkok and Singapore via Suvarnabhumi Airport and Su Vientiane Airport. GO 1 and 2 were operated from Don Mueangs Airport and integrated into Orient Thai Airlines in July 2010.

Train services are not as popular as bus services, as they require a shuttle bus service. For taxi queues, ticket printing and queuing are required on the same floor.

On 27 January 2007, the Ministry of Civil Aviation refused to renew the airport's security certificate, which had expired the previous day.

Three days later, the Ministry of Transport recommended that Don Mueang be reopened while repairs to the Suvarnabhumi runway continued. On 12 December 2008, the Popular Alliance for Democracy took control of the tower, and on 2 December 2008, the demonstrators agreed to leave the airport they had protested against illegally, but were allowed to resume flights. All airports in Thailand have found that addressing 60% of the identified problems at airports would take more than enough time to resolve them in four to five years. A committee overseeing maintenance problems at the new airport estimated that 70 percent of the problems would be resolved by 2007. Some problems could be resolved within four or five years, others within six to eight years and still others within a year.

In April 2019, the Thai cabinet approved the construction of a new runway at Suvarnabhumi International Airport, a $1.2 billion investment project.

A new satellite passenger hall will be connected to the current main terminal via an Automated Passenger Transport System (APM), which was decided by the AOT Board at a meeting on 17 May 2012. The extension also includes an expanded airport car park, a new terminal building and the construction of a second runway.

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More About Nanchang